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© August 2005
revised 26 June 2008

Baroque-era printer's ornament

on Kircher’s hydrography

Kircher’s “Tabula Geographico Hydrographica Motus Oceani, Currentes, Abyssos, Montes Ignivomos” (1665) was the first printed map to show the world’s ocean currents and deep sea chasms.

Kircher’s “Mappa Fluxus et Refluxus rationes in Isthmo Americano, in Freto Magellanico, cæterisque Americæ Litoribus exhibens,” published in a 1682 Dutch-text edition of Kircher’s Mundus Subterraneus, is another first among maps of the Americas. It delineates the region’s rivers and shows a huge lake as the source of the Amazon.

TOPICS:  ocean mapping; submarine topography; history of underwater cartography; 17th-century theories of winds and ocean currents

Baroque-era printer's ornament

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